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Biodiversity Information

Why have an action plan?

In June 1992, the Convention of Biological Diversity was signed by 159 governments at the Earth Summit, which took place in Rio de Janeiro (it is also referred to as the Rio Convention.). It entered into force on 29 December 1993 and it was the first treaty to provide a legal framework for biodiversity conservation. It called for the creation and enforcement of national strategies and action plans to conserve, protect and enhance biological diversity.


In 1993, the UK government consulted over three hundred organisations throughout the UK and held a two day seminar to debate the key issues raised at the Convention of Biological Diversity. The product of this was the launch of Biodiversity: the UK Action Plan in 1994 which outlined the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP)for dealing with biodiversity conservation in response to the Rio Convention.

The UK Biodiversity Action Plan published in 1994 has action plans and targets for 45 habitats and 391 species. These habitats and species were chosen because they are considered to be either of globally threatened or which are rapidly declining in the UK, i.e. by more than 50% in the last 25 years.

More information,  about the UK Biodiversity Action Plan, including progress towards targets, can be found on the Joint Nature Conservation Committee website.

In 1995 the UK Biodiversity Steering Group recommended that Local BAPs should be prepared so that the national objectives could be applied locally. The Mid Derbyshire Local Derbyshire Action Plan was produced in 1997/8, the title has now been changed to the Lowland Derbyshire LBAP. The text of the BAP can be found here on our website.

The Peak District LBAP called ' A Living Landscape - a Biodiversity Action Plan for the Peak District' was published in 2001.

The National Forest produced a Local Biodiversity Action Plan in 1998. This was the first LBAP to be produced to cover an area which already had its own intrinsic conservation interest. 

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